Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution was legislated in 1946, immediately following
the end of the Second World War.
to, and during the war, Japan colonized the Korean Peninsula, Taiwan, the islands
in the Pacific, and invaded China and other countries in the Asia Pacific region.
Japan is responsible for causing considerable harm to the people living in Asia,
including inhumane atrocities; such as the coercion of labor, genocide, human
experiments, and “comfort women” (sex slaves). 20 million people are
said to have fallen victim. At the same time in Japan, an approximate 3 million
people, many of them civilians, lost their lives in the air-raids, the ground
war in Okinawa, and the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
the Potsdam Declaration (July 1945) Japan accepted at the end of the war, the
wrongness of Japan’s war of aggression was confirmed. Article 9 was legislated
under the understanding that the most effective means to guarantee Japan to never
wage war again, was not to possess any war potential.
9 was legislated in deep reflection of Japan’s war of aggression and colonial
rule. Therefore, Article 9; the renunciation of war, and the prohibition of maintaining
any war potential, is Japan’s pledge and vow to the people of Asia, the
Pacific, and the world, to never again repeat its mistakes.
in order for Japan to have fulfilled its war responsibility, it must have fully
compensated for its past and must have apologized to the victims in Asia. It is
only the least of fulfilling its war responsibilities for Japan to uphold its
vow of never again waging war. We believe, that for this, and to stand by its
pledge to the people of Asia, the Pacific, and the world, Japan must uphold and
build on Article 9.
Article 9 as a Mechanism of Peace